Ages of consent in Oceania

Deciding to have sex with someone is a big decision. If you think that you are ready to have sex, it is important that you know what the law says about how old you have to be to be able to legally agree to have sex. Remember, it is never okay for someone to force you to have sex without your permission — you have the right to say no at any time. The age of consent is the age at which the law says you can agree to have sex. If you are under the age of consent, the law says that you cannot legally agree to have sex, and any person that has sex with you has broken the law. In NSW, the age of consent is If you are 16 years old, another person can have sex with you if you agree to it unless they are your carer or supervisor—see section on sex with a carer or supervisor below. BUT, there is a legal defence available to you if you have sex with another person who is 14 or 15 years old if you are less than 2 years older than them and the other person agreed to it.

Age of consent for sex fact sheet

The multi-phase, descriptive study will collect information about state laws, federal guidance to programs, and grantees and local offices practices. The findings will help HHS to determine if additional guidance is needed. This report is a compilation of state laws and reporting requirements.

Australian law does not look at whose fault it is that the marriage broke down If you have children under the age of 18, a court can only grant a divorce if it is.

Fernanda practised law for eight years, working in criminal defence, child protection and domestic violence law in the Northern Territory. She also practised in family law after moving to Brisbane in The criminal laws of different states and territories across Australia are notorious for their lack of consistency. One example of this is the age of consent for sexual acts. While the age of consent is 16 in the majority of jurisdictions, it is 17 in South Australia and Tasmania.

This applies to penetrative sexual intercourse, both heterosexual and homosexual, and to sexual acts that fall short of penetration. A person does not consent if they agree to sexual activity because of threats, force or while they are unlawfully detained. A person who is asleep or unconscious cannot consent nor can a person who is physically or mentally impaired so as to be unable to freely and voluntarily agree.

Sex without consent is an offence r egardless of the age of the victim. While non-consensual sex with an adult is charged as rape under Section 48 of the Act, a range of offences exist in relation to sex acts with children and individuals can be found guilty of these regardless of the consent or otherwise of the victim. In South Australia, a person who has sex with a child under 14 commits an offence punishable with a maximum of life imprisonment Section 49 1.

A person who has sex with a child aged under 17 is guilty of an offence publishable by a maximum of 10 years Section 49 2. However, it is a defence to this charge if. It is worth noting that, unlike in many other states, in South Australia there is no defence available to this charge based on the consent of the young person.

SA judge says teens do not realise underage sex is a serious crime carrying a seven-year jail term

The age of consent in Australia depends upon which state the person in question is in, whether the person is a male or female, and the nature of the sexual intercourse the person is engaged in. This can lead to a number of inconsistencies both between the states and between males and females. In addition, the Commonwealth Crimes Act also includes child sexual abuse offences, that rely on an age of consent.

These are discussed in Part 3.

Australia has complex abortion laws that differ between states and territories. governments — all of which have different rules and regulations. A woman must receive approval from two doctors from a statutory panel of six.

Please enable javascript to see the dynamic graph content. Amendments to the Marriage Act came into effect on the 9 December enabling same-sex couples to legally marry in Australia. The right to marry under Australian law is no longer determined by sex or gender and the Notice of Intended Marriage NOIM form has been updated to reflect these changes. Data and information about all marriages registered for will be released as per the normal publication schedule in November However, due to public interest, this publication contains some preliminary estimates about Australian same-sex marriages registered from the commencement of legislative change up to and including 30 June Data is presented on a state or territory of registration basis rather than a state or territory of usual residence.

Marriages registered where both partners identified as female are referred to in ABS marriages statistics as a female same-sex marriage, and marriages where both partners identified as male are described as a male same-sex marriage. Registered marriages where one or more persons have not identified as either male or female have been excluded from counts of male or female same-sex marriages, and can not be tabulated separately due to confidentiality reasons. In , the Census of Population and Housing Census counted just under 46, same-sex couples living together in Australia.

This accounts for 0. Almost two-thirds 63 per cent of same-sex couples lived in New South Wales or Victoria, compared to 57 per cent of all couples. Data from the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages show that 3, same-sex weddings have been held in Australia in the first 6 months since the legislative change. Over one third of same-sex marriages have been in New South Wales, with 1, same-sex marriages making up

Age of consent in Australia

The age at which a person is deemed legally competent to consent to sexual activity varies widely around the world – and even within Europe. Most countries prohibit sex with unders or unders, but in some places the age of consent is as low as 11, or as high as However, even within counties this can vary widely between males and females and in cases of heterosexual and homosexual sex.

In the UK, the age of consent stands at 16, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.

The age of consent is also 16, (for most of Australia) so dating would be of no problem whatsoever. Parents might have different views, but the above is the legal.

The MeToo and TimesUp movements have placed increased focus on sexual harassment and consent issues over the last few months. In NSW, the legal age of consent is 16, which means it is illegal for anyone to participate in sexual activity with a person below this age, even if both parties are willing. But is this still the case when a minor lies about their age? If an year-old man meets a year-old girl in a nightclub, but she claims to be 17, is he protected from statutory rape laws if they later have sex?

People who are accused of sexual misconduct when an alleged victim has lied about their age can argue that they made an honest and reasonable mistake by having sex with an under-age individual. In other words, they would be required to provide evidence that they believed their accuser was over the legal age of consent. If the defendant can supply ample proof that the alleged victim had lied about their age, the prosecution would then need to show beyond a reasonable doubt that this was not the case.

Nevertheless, a defence that relies on the accused being simply unaware of different age of consent laws is unlikely to succeed.

The ages of consent around the world

The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across Australia , New Zealand and other parts of Oceania , ranging from age 15 to age The specific activity engaged in or the gender of its participants can also be affected by the law. Below is a discussion of the various laws dealing with this subject. The highlighted age refers to an age at or above which an individual can engage in unfettered sexual relations with another who is also at or above that age.

Stephen Robertson, University of Sydney, Australia Narrowly concerned with sexual violence, and with girls, originally, since the 19th century the age of Behind the inconsistency of these different laws was the lack of an obvious age to​.

Wednesday June 14, Download as PDF. The legal age of consent for sexual intercourse depends on the law that applies in the particular country or state where the sexual act takes place. In South Australia this is determined under the Criminal Law Consolidation Act SA , which refers to sexual intercourse with a child as unlawful sexual intercourse. A person is guilty of unlawful sexual intercourse if they have sexual intercourse with a person who is under 17 years of age.

The maximum penalty for this offence is 10 years imprisonment.

Infosheet 7 – Making laws

In December , a momentous ruling occurred in Australia with the introduction of new sex offender laws. Australia is the first country in the world to pass the anti-sex tourism law, stipulating that a registered sex offender is not permitted to travel overseas. Even the international community has been very vocal on social media. Many questions arise as a result of this ruling and its application. Consider for a moment the fact that most sex offenders are known to victims and in many unfortunate cases are family members.

What impact will this have on a family?

In NSW, the legal age of consent is 16, which means it is illegal for anyone on the accused being simply unaware of different age of consent laws is As we can see, sexual assault and child abuse laws in Australia can be.

The safety of Australian families during these challenging times is very important. Information on COVID impacts on services and supports available to help families is available here. Divorce is the formal legal ending of a marriage. It is separate and distinct from property settlement and parenting arrangements after the breakdown of a marriage. You do not have to get a divorce when you separate unless you want to remarry, but staying married may affect your legal obligations.

It is important to get legal advice if you are unsure of what you wish to do. This is demonstrated by being separated for 12 months or more, and there being no likelihood of the relationship resuming. The separation can be initiated by one person, or both. Australian law does not look at whose fault it is that the marriage broke down when considering a divorce application.

Sexual boundaries in the doctor-patient relationship

What is the age of consent in Australia? Either 16 or 17, depending where you live. In most states and territories in Australia the legal age of sexual consent is

The Tackling Violent Crime Act raises the legal age of sexual The new law puts Canada’s age of consent in line with those in Britain, Australia and most of the ‘​Stark differences’: how Derek Sloan’s words could test Erin.

For people under 18, non-consensual sexting is illegal and penalties can be very serious. With modern technology this can be done instantly, but it can have serious and lasting consequences. Once digital images are sent, they are no longer private and you have lost control of them. You can’t get them back. They can resurface again when least expected. They can be published and found by anyone, including friends, family members, complete strangers, and sexual predators.

Images can be used to exploit, bully and harass individuals and they can also be used as a form of black mail known as ‘sextortion. A naked or sexually explicit picture or video of a person under the age of 18 years is by legal definition child exploitation material and the making, transmission and possession of such images can result in serious criminal charges.

To ensure that young people under the age of 18 years who engage in consensual ‘sexting’ are not treated at law the same way as a child sex offender, there have been amendments to the law in Victoria to protect young people from criminal charges in certain circumstances. These are:.

Dating rule age difference

The medical practitioner must also seek the written opinion of at least one other medical practitioner who personally examines the child before the treatment is commenced. NSW In NSW, section 49 of the Minors Property and Contracts Act recognises consent by a child 14 years or older, and by parents when a child is 16 years or younger, in relation to assault and battery claims about medical or dental treatment.

However, these provisions are concerned with legal protections for doctors and dentists, and do little to clarify the power of a child or young person to give consent. This authority comes from their duty to maintain and protect the child. See below.

Individuals aged 15 or younger in Australia are not legally able to consent to sexual activity, and such activity may result in prosecution for statutory rape or the​.

Any sexual activity without your agreement is unlawful. The legal age for consent for having sex in Queensland is This strict age limit is in place to help protect you from harm. Find out more about when I can have sex. If someone tries to have sex with you without your agreement this may be considered sexual assault or rape and you should report it to the police. You can also get support from a range of sexual assault support services.

Strict age limits apply for when you can legally have sex. These apply to people in same-sex and heterosexual relationships, and are designed to protect you from harm from older people. This includes:. There are some other situations where sexual activity with a person is considered to be even more serious.

Is abortion legal in Australia? It’s complicated

It is common for relationships and attractions to develop in the workplace. As an employer, it is important to ensure that these circumstances do not lead to incidents of sexual harassment. Sexual harassment is any unwanted or unwelcome sexual behaviour where a reasonable person would have anticipated the possibility that the person harassed would feel offended, humiliated or intimidated. It has nothing to do with mutual attraction or consensual behaviour. The fact that two individuals have been in a consensual sexual relationship does not mean that sexual harassment may not occur following the end of the relationship.

Example: A young employee and her boss engaged in consensual sexual intercourse on four occasions.

However, the age of consent is 17 years of age in South Australia and be an offence where the age gap is two years or less, or that similarity in age could be a South Australia: Criminal Law Consolidation Act (SA) s.

The law in Victoria sets clear age limits for when you can legally have sex. This is called the age of consent. A person can be charged with a sexual offence if they perform a sexual act that breaks these age limits, even if the younger person agrees to it. The age of consent for same-sex relationships is the same as it is for heterosexual relationships. If you are under 12, a person can’t have sex with you or touch you sexually or perform a sexual act in front of you, even if you agree.

However, it is not an offence if the person honestly believed that you were 16 or if there was less than a two-year age difference between you. This is exactly two years. For example, if a person is 17 and has sex with someone who is 15, it is not a crime. But if the person was 18, it is a crime unless the person believed the person was 16 or older. A person who is caring for you or supervising you, like a teacher, youth worker or foster carer, can’t have sex with you or sexually touch you or perform a sexual act or indecent act with you or in front of you, even if you agree, unless they are married to you.

However, it is not an offence if the person honestly believed you were 18 or older. If someone has sex with you or touches you sexually when you are asleep, unconscious or so affected by alcohol or drugs that you are not able to freely agree, it is still a sexual offence.

What Is The Age Of Consent?